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:: Volume 15, Issue 1 And 2 ( Spring & Summer 2013) ::
JHC 2013, 15(1 And 2): 68-58 Back to browse issues page
Camparison of Peer Education and Direct Education Methods on Students' Knowledge about Iron Deficiency and Weekly Iron-rich Food Frequency
Fahimeh Sehhati Shafai, Mehangiz Ebrahimi Mamaghani, Sakineh Mohammadalizadeh Charandabi, Rogayeh Salmani
Abstract:   (4796 Views)

ABSTRACT

Background: Iron-deficiency is the most common nutritional deficiency in the world and young people are at high risk of iron-deficiency anemia. One of the proposed methods to educate youth is peer education. This study aimed to compare the effects of peer education with direct education on weekly iron-rich foods frequency on Tabriz female students, 2011-2012.

Methods: This experimental study was done over 885 female students (ninth grade) who were randomly selected from 10 schools in Tabriz. Weekly food frequencies of 30 food items containing Iron and students’ knowledge about Iron deficiency through peer education method  and direct were compared. The data was collected using a researcher made questionnaire containing demographic data and 18 questions to assess the knowledge and food frequency questionnaire and iron-rich foods. The questionnaire was completed by the samplesin two stages: after checking validity and reliability of questionnaire and 3 months after the educational intervention. Data analysis was done using SPSS ver.13.

Results: The mean score of knowledge after training in peer education group increased from 50.1 to 69.7 and in the direct training group it increased from 54.5 to 70.5 (P=0.001 in both groups).comparison of two groups in post-test showed significant difference, so knowledge of peer education was significantly higher than direct instruction (p=0.001). However, no significant differences between the two groups was seen in Weekly frequency of consumption of food before and after training.

Conclusion:Peereducationisaneffectiveapproachtoincrease students’ knowledge.Therefore, it can be used as a complementary teaching method, along with other educational methods in improving students' knowledge.

Keywords: Peer Education, Direct Education, Knowledge, Food Frequency, Iron Deficiency

Keywords: Peer Education, Direct Education, Knowledge, Food Frequency, Iron Deficiency
Full-Text [PDF 647 kb]   (800 Downloads)    
Type of Study: article | Subject: nursing
Received: 2014/03/8 | Accepted: 2014/03/8 | Published: 2014/03/8
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Sehhati Shafai F, Ebrahimi Mamaghani M, Mohammadalizadeh Charandabi S, Salmani R. Camparison of Peer Education and Direct Education Methods on Students' Knowledge about Iron Deficiency and Weekly Iron-rich Food Frequency . JHC. 2013; 15 (1 and 2) :68-58
URL: http://hcjournal.arums.ac.ir/article-1-29-en.html


Volume 15, Issue 1 And 2 ( Spring & Summer 2013) Back to browse issues page
مجله سلامت و مراقبت Journal of Health and Care
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