[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 22, Issue 2 (Summer 2020) ::
JHC 2020, 22(2): 168-175 Back to browse issues page
The Relationship between God Attachment and Attitude toward Death in Elderly People of Ardabil in 2019
Kh Nasiri , A Habibi , V Agha Mohammadi , M Savadpoor , M Jafari
Student Research Committee, Faculty of Nursing and midwifery¸ Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran
Abstract:   (252 Views)
Background & objectives: Aging is a biological and natural phenomenon and one of the stages of life. One of the undeniable facts of aging is getting closer to death. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between attachment to God and attitude toward death in the elderly of Ardabil in 2019.
Methods: The present research was a correlational study performed on 400 elderly people in Ardabil city in 2019 by random sampling method. The instruments used in the study were Beck and McDonaldchr('39')s attachment to God and attitude to death (DAP-R) questionnaire. Data were analyzed by SPSS/23 software.
Results: The findings of this study showed that the mean and standard deviation of total score of attachment to God and attitude toward death were 36.52±9.52 and 77.31±12.60, respectively. The correlation between attachment to God and attitude to death in elderly was 0.58. According to the linear regression model, attention to God, trust in God, and the total score of attachment to God predict 52% of the variance in attitudes toward death.
Conclusion: The findings indicated that higher secure attachment styles to God are effective in promoting positive attitudes toward death and mental health in the elderly.
Keywords: Elderly, Attachment, Death, God
Full-Text [PDF 114 kb]   (147 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Correlation | Subject: Psychiatric Nursing
Received: 2020/08/4 | Accepted: 2020/10/20 | Published: 2020/10/21
1. Nasiri Z, Dadkhah A, Khodabakhshi Kolayi A. Comparative study of happiness and self-esteem in elderly nursing home residents and boarding facilities. Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2013;7(2):19-25.
2. Craik F, Salthouse T. The handbook of aging and cognition. Psychology Press. New York. 2011. [DOI:10.4324/9780203837665]
3. Sh A, Khanekeh H, Mohammadi F, Fllahi Khoshkenab M, Rezasoltani P. Effectiveness of treatment with limitation on sleep quality of older adults. Salmand. 2010;5(16):7-15.
4. Ocampo JM. Self-rated health: Importance of use in elderly adults. Colombia Médica. 2010;41(3):275-89.
5. Taheri Tanjani P, Azadbakht M. Psychometric properties of the Persian version of the activities of daily living scale and instrumental activities of daily living scale in elderly. Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. 2016;25(132):103-12.
6. Farokhnezhad Afshar P, Bastani F, Haghani H, Valipour O. Hospital Anxiety and Depression in the Elderly with Chronic Heart Failure. Iran Journal of Nursing. 2019;32(120):80-9.
7. Iverach L, Menzies RG, Menzies RE. Death anxiety and its role in psychopathology: Reviewing the status of a transdiagnostic construct. Clinical psychology review. 2014;34(7):580-93. [DOI:10.1016/j.cpr.2014.09.002] [PMID]
8. Imanifar H, Bostani G, Dodman F, Raeisi R. Facing whit death from Quran and Psychology viewpoint. J interdict res Quran. 2011;2(4):65-72.
9. Ghorbanalipour M, Esmaeili A, editors. Determination of the effectiveness of Logotherapy on the death anxiety in the elderly2012: SID.
10. Javaheri F, Yazdani M. Attitudes toward Death: Selected Sample from Tehran's elderlies. Iranian Social Studies. 2017;10(2,3):70-101.
11. Yousefi A, Tabei M. An empirical Empirical Phenomenological study of meaning of death: A case study of women in Mashhad city. Journal management System. 2011;4(14-15): 39-51.
12. YOUSEFI AM, SHARIFI K. The relationship between depression, perceived stress and social support with quality of life in elderly with Alzheimer's disease. 2015.
13. Ju H, Shin JW, Kim C-w, Hyun M-h, Park J-w. Mediational effect of meaning in life on the relationship between optimism and well-being in community elderly. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. 2013;56(2):309-13. [DOI:10.1016/j.archger.2012.08.008] [PMID]
14. Bradshaw M, Ellison CG, Fang Q, Mueller C. Listening to religious music and mental health in later life. The Gerontologist. 2015;55(6):961-71. [DOI:10.1093/geront/gnu020] [PMID]
15. Bradshaw M, Kent BV. Prayer, attachment to God, and changes in psychological well-being in later life. Journal of aging and health. 2018;30(5):667-91. [DOI:10.1177/0898264316688116] [PMID]
16. Hill TD, Burdette AM, Taylor J, Angel JL. Religious attendance and the mobility trajectories of older Mexican Americans: An application of the growth mixture model. Journal of Health and Social Behavior. 2016;57(1):118-34. [DOI:10.1177/0022146515627850] [PMID]
17. Mikulincer M, Shaver PR. Attachment in adulthood: Structure, dynamics, and change: Guilford Press; 2007.
18. Abdel-Khalek AM. Happiness and death distress: Two separate factors. Death studies. 2005;29(10):949-58. [DOI:10.1080/07481180500299394] [PMID]
19. Amani, R. Happiness in the Elderly: The Role of Self-Esteem. Journal of Aging Psychology. 2015;2(1):73-80.
20. Bodner E, Bergman Y, Cohen-Fridel S. Do attachment styles affect the presence and search for meaning in life? Journal of Happiness Studies. 2014;15(5):1041-59. [DOI:10.1007/s10902-013-9462-7]
21. Bitarafan L, Kazemi M, Yousefi Afrashte M. Relationship between styles of attachment to god and death anxiety resilience in the elderly. Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2018;12(4):446-57. [DOI:10.21859/sija.12.4.446]
22. Jung JH. Attachment to God and death anxiety in later life: does race matter? Research on aging. 2018;40(10):956-77. [DOI:10.1177/0164027518805190] [PMID]
23. McDonald A, Beck R, Allison S, Norswortby L. Attachment to God and parents: Testing the correspondence vs. compensation hypotheses. Journal of Psychology & Christianity. 2005;24(1).
24. Wong P, Reker G, Gesser G. Death Attitude Profile Revised. In: Neimeyer R. Death Anxiety Handbook: Research, Instrumentation and Application (Series in Death Education, Aging and Health Care). Taylor and Francis, Washington: 1994. [DOI:10.1037/t17237-000]
25. Pirasteh Motlagh AA, Hekmati Asl G, Taghvayi Neya A, Derakhsh A. The Role of spirituality and positive affect in attitudes towards death in elderlies of Yasuj city. Journal of Gerontology. 2017;1(3):11-20. [DOI:10.18869/acadpub.joge.1.3.11]
26. Mehri Nejad SA, Ramezan Saatchi L, Paydar S. Death anxiety and its relationship with social support and adherence to religion in the elderly. Iranian journal of Ageing. 2017;11(4):494-503. [DOI:10.21859/sija-1104494]
27. Viana AG, Rabian B. Perceived attachment: Relations to anxiety sensitivity, worry, and GAD symptoms. Behaviour research and therapy. 2008;46(6):737-47. [DOI:10.1016/j.brat.2008.03.002] [PMID]
28. Daaleman TP, Dobbs D. Religiosity, spirituality, and death attitudes in chronically ill older adults. Research on Aging. 2010;32(2):224-43. [DOI:10.1177/0164027509351476]
29. Estévez-López F, Pulido-Martos M, Armitage CJ, Wearden A, Álvarez-Gallardo IC, Arrayás-Grajera MJ, et al. Factor structure of the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) in adult women with fibromyalgia from Southern Spain: the al-Ándalus project. PeerJ. 2016;4:e1822. [DOI:10.7717/peerj.1822] [PMID] [PMCID]
30. Taghvaeinia A. The Moderating Role of Coping Styles in the Relationship Between Attachment Styles and Obsession Death among the Elderly. 2018.
31. Hui VK-Y, Coleman PG. Afterlife beliefs and ego integrity as two mediators of the relationship between intrinsic religiosity and personal death anxiety among older adult British Christians. Research on Aging. 2013;35(2):144-62. [DOI:10.1177/0164027512436429]
Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


Ethics code: IR.arums.Rec.1398.392

XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Nasiri K, Habibi A, Agha Mohammadi V, Savadpoor M, Jafari M. The Relationship between God Attachment and Attitude toward Death in Elderly People of Ardabil in 2019. JHC. 2020; 22 (2) :168-175
URL: http://hcjournal.arums.ac.ir/article-1-1207-en.html

Volume 22, Issue 2 (Summer 2020) Back to browse issues page
مجله سلامت و مراقبت Journal of Health and Care
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.1 seconds with 29 queries by YEKTAWEB 4275