Background & Objectives: Motivation is a key element in treatment and recovery of substance use disorders by influencing patients to seek, complete, and acceptance of treatment and making successful long-term changes so the current study was conducted to investigate the role of cognitive self-control and self-compassion on prediction of treatment motivation in people with substance dependency.
Methods: The method of this research was descriptive-correlational. The whole people with substance dependency were referring to Shiraz centers of addiction treatment in the second half of 2013, comprised statistical society of this research. One hundred and fifty people of this society were selected by multi-stage random cluster sampling method for this study. Having conducting clinical interview, they were being asked to respond to questionnaires of cognitive self-control, self- compassion and treatment motivation. Collected data were analyzed by tests of Pearson correlation and multivariate regression using SPSS16.
Results: The results showed that treatment motivation negatively related to low self-control, and positively related to self-kindness, self-judgment, common humanity isolation, mindfulness, and over-identification. The results of multiple regression showed that 30% of variance of motivation, 30% variance of problem recognition, 28% variance of ambivalence and 24% variance taking steps explained by self- compassion and cognitive self-control.
Conclusion: The results of this study demonstrated that cognitive self-control and self- compassion play role in predicting treatment motivation and readiness to change in drug-dependent peoples.
Keywords: Cognitive Self-Control, Self-Compassion, Treatment Motivation, Substance Dependency