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:: Volume 17, Issue 4 (winter 2015) ::
JHC 2015, 17(4): 281-290 Back to browse issues page
The Cognitive Predictors of Obsessive- Compulsive Symptoms in Students
M Hassanvand Amouzadeh , MM Aghili
Department of Psychology, School of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (2705 Views)

Background & objectives: Obsessive-compulsive disorders are common in the society and have negative effects on individual’s function. Prevailing theories indicate that these disorders are influenced by biological factors. However, cognitive models of obsessive-compulsive disorder have emphasis on cognitive factors. This study was carried out to investigate the cognitive predictors of obsessive- compulsive symptoms in students.          

Methods: In this correlational study 300 students (243 female and 57 male) in the fields of psychology, education, agricultural engineering, computer science, management and law from Lorestan Pyam-e-Noor University, Iran were selected by multistage cluster sampling in the second semester of academic year 2014-15. The students completed Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory-Revised (OCI-R), Meta Cognition Questionnaire (MCQ-30), Young Schema Questionnaire-Short Form (YSQ-SF) and Penn State Worry Questionnaire (PSWQ). Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficient and simultaneous multiple regression analysis by SPSS-16.

Results: Findings indicated that worry, meta-cognitive beliefs and maladaptive schemas significantly correlated with obsessive-compulsive symptoms (p<0.001). Results from simultaneous multiple regression analysis also revealed that 64.8% of the total variance of obsessive-compulsive symptoms can be explained by worry, meta-cognitive beliefs and maladaptive schemas.

Conclusion: According to effective role of study variables with obsessive-compulsive, holding the periodic training coping skills with obsessive-compulsive disorder for students and providing solutions promoting mental health during academic period should be considered by health custodians in universities.

Keywords: Obsessive-Compulsive, Worry, Meta-Cognitive Beliefs, Maladaptive Schemas
Full-Text [PDF 164 kb]   (2556 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Correlation |
Received: 2015/10/21 | Accepted: 2016/02/22 | Published: 2016/04/19
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Hassanvand Amouzadeh M, Aghili M. The Cognitive Predictors of Obsessive- Compulsive Symptoms in Students. JHC. 2015; 17 (4) :281-290
URL: http://hcjournal.arums.ac.ir/article-1-409-en.html

Volume 17, Issue 4 (winter 2015) Back to browse issues page
مجله سلامت و مراقبت Journal of Health and Care
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