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:: Volume 23, Issue 4 (winter 2022) ::
JHC 2022, 23(4): 301-312 Back to browse issues page
The Effect of Problem-Based Learning Approach on Nursing Students' Communication Skills
H Jamshidi , N Parizad , M Hemmati Maslakpak
Patient Safety Research Center, Clinical Research Institute, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
Abstract:   (416 Views)
Background & Aim: Problem-based learning, as a relatively new educational approach, has found a high status in higher-educational institutions. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of problem-based learning on nursing students' communication skills.
Methods: This is a quasi-experimental study, in which a total of 78 fourth-year nursing students were recruited and allocated into two groups of intervention (n=43) and control (n=35). Participants in the intervention group received eight 60-minute sessions of problem-based learning and a post-test was conducted one month after the intervention. Data were collected using a demographic questionnaire and the verbal and non-verbal communication skills questionnaire. Data were first entered into the SPSS statistics, version 16. 0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, Ill., USA) and then analyzed using independent-samples t-test, paired-samples t-test, and chi-squared test.
Results: There was a statistically significant difference between the mean scores of baseline and the post-intervention verbal communication skills in the control and intervention groups (p<0.05). The results of independent-samples t-test showed that the difference in the mean scores of verbal communication skills was statistically significant between the two groups (p=0.002). Moreover, the difference between the baseline and the post-intervention mean scores of non-verbal communication skills was found to be statistically significant in the control and intervention groups (p<0.05) The results of independent-samples t-test also indicated that the difference in the mean scores of non-verbal communication skills was statistically significant between the two groups (p=0.004).
Conclusion:  Problem-based learning has shown to be effective in improving students' verbal and non-verbal communication skills. Therefore, it is recommended to develop students' communication skills by using effective methods of nursing education, especially problem-based learning. Accordingly, students would be able to act more efficiently in the clinical setting and make better clinical decisions.
Keywords: Education, Problem-based Learning, Communication Skills, Nursing Students
Full-Text [PDF 297 kb]   (118 Downloads)    
Type of Study: quasi-experimental | Subject: Nursing education
Received: 2021/10/28 | Accepted: 2022/02/22 | Published: 2022/03/20
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Jamshidi H, Parizad N, Hemmati Maslakpak M. The Effect of Problem-Based Learning Approach on Nursing Students' Communication Skills. JHC. 2022; 23 (4) :301-312
URL: http://hcjournal.arums.ac.ir/article-1-1320-en.html

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Volume 23, Issue 4 (winter 2022) Back to browse issues page
مجله سلامت و مراقبت Journal of Health and Care
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